Podcast "Epigenetics Podcast"

A lively discussion about the latest tips and techniques for epigenetics research.

Episoden: Neueste Episoden


The Effect of lncRNAs on Chromatin and Gene Regulation (John Rinn)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with John Rinn from the University of Colorado in Boulder to talk about his work on the role of lncRNAs in gene expression and nuclear organization. The Rinn Lab pioneered the approach of screenin

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with John Rinn from the University of Colorado in Boulder to talk about his work on the role of lncRNAs in gene expression and nuclear organization. The Rinn Lab pioneered the approach of screening the human genome for long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). More recently, the lab has shifted focus from measuring the number of lncRNAs to finding lncRNAs that have a distinct biological function in human health and disease. One example of such a lncRNA is FIRRE, which is present in all animals, however the sequence is not conserved, except for in primates. FIRRE contains many interesting features, such as repeat sequences and CTCF binding sites. In absence of FIRRE, defects in the immune system can be observed and also some brain defects may also be observed.   References Carter, T., Singh, M., Dumbovic, G., Chobirko, J. D., Rinn, J. L., & Feschotte, C. (2022). Mosaic cis-regulatory evolution drives transcriptional partitioning of HERVH endogenous retrovirus in the human embryo. eLife, 11, e76257. Advance online publication. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.76257 Long, Y., Hwang, T., Gooding, A. R., Goodrich, K. J., Rinn, J. L., & Cech, T. R. (2020). RNA is essential for PRC2 chromatin occupancy and function in human pluripotent stem cells. Nature Genetics, 52(9), 931–938. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41588-020-0662-x Kelley, D., & Rinn, J. (2012). Transposable elements reveal a stem cell-specific class of long noncoding RNAs. Genome biology, 13(11), R107. https://doi.org/10.1186/gb-2012-13-11-r107 Khalil, A. M., Guttman, M., Huarte, M., Garber, M., Raj, A., Rivea Morales, D., Thomas, K., Presser, A., Bernstein, B. E., van Oudenaarden, A., Regev, A., Lander, E. S., & Rinn, J. L. (2009). Many human large intergenic noncoding RNAs associate with chromatin-modifying complexes and affect gene expression. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(28), 11667–11672. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0904715106 Guttman, M., Amit, I., Garber, M., French, C., Lin, M. F., Feldser, D., Huarte, M., Zuk, O., Carey, B. W., Cassady, J. P., Cabili, M. N., Jaenisch, R., Mikkelsen, T. S., Jacks, T., Hacohen, N., Bernstein, B. E., Kellis, M., Regev, A., Rinn, J. L., & Lander, E. S. (2009). Chromatin signature reveals over a thousand highly conserved large non-coding RNAs in mammals. Nature, 458(7235), 223–227. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature07672   Related Episodes The Role of lncRNAs in Tumor Growth and Treatment (Sarah Diermeier) The Role of Small RNAs in Transgenerational Inheritance in C. elegans (Oded Rechavi) Chromatin Structure and Dynamics at Ribosomal RNA Genes (Tom Moss)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 30.06.2022
Dauer: 50:05

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "The Effect of lncRNAs on Chromatin and Gene Regulation (John Rinn)"


Epigenetic Clocks and Biomarkers of Ageing (Morgan Levine)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Morgan Levine from Altos lab to talk about her work on Epigenetic Clocks and Biomarkers of Ageing. The Levine Lab focuses on deciphering mechanisms that lead to epigenetic ageing, which can b

 In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Morgan Levine from Altos lab to talk about her work on Epigenetic Clocks and Biomarkers of Ageing. The Levine Lab focuses on deciphering mechanisms that lead to epigenetic ageing, which can be measured by epigenetic clocks. Epigenetic clocks were first described in 2011 by Bocklandt et al.. Later-on, the Horvath and the Hannum clock were described by using a combination of CpGs to calculate biological/epigenetic age in contrast to chronological age. The Levine Lab themselves worked on generating an advanced version of an Epigenetic clock, called "DNAm PhenoAge" that will now be used, and not only in human samples. The team now moves to mouse models and to cells in a dish and using those models to investigate the mechanisms behind epigenetic aging.   References Liu, Z., Leung, D., Thrush, K., Zhao, W., Ratliff, S., Tanaka, T., Schmitz, L. L., Smith, J. A., Ferrucci, L., & Levine, M. E. (2020). Underlying features of epigenetic aging clocks in vivo and in vitro. Aging cell, 19(10), e13229. https://doi.org/10.1111/acel.13229 Levine, M. E., Lu, A. T., Quach, A., Chen, B. H., Assimes, T. L., Bandinelli, S., Hou, L., Baccarelli, A. A., Stewart, J. D., Li, Y., Whitsel, E. A., Wilson, J. G., Reiner, A. P., Aviv, A., Lohman, K., Liu, Y., Ferrucci, L., & Horvath, S. (2018). An epigenetic biomarker of aging for lifespan and healthspan. Aging, 10(4), 573–591. https://doi.org/10.18632/aging.101414 Levine, M., McDevitt, R. A., Meer, M., Perdue, K., Di Francesco, A., Meade, T., Farrell, C., Thrush, K., Wang, M., Dunn, C., Pellegrini, M., de Cabo, R., & Ferrucci, L. (2020). A rat epigenetic clock recapitulates phenotypic aging and co-localizes with heterochromatin. eLife, 9, e59201. https://doi.org/10.7554/eLife.59201 Kuo, C. L., Pilling, L. C., Atkins, J. C., Masoli, J., Delgado, J., Tignanelli, C., Kuchel, G., Melzer, D., Beckman, K. B., & Levine, M. (2020). COVID-19 severity is predicted by earlier evidence of accelerated aging. medRxiv : the preprint server for health sciences, 2020.07.10.20147777. https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.07.10.20147777   Related Episodes Aging and Epigenetics (Peter Tessarz) Epigenetic Mechanisms of Aging and Longevity (Shelley Berger)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 23.06.2022
Dauer: 33:40

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Epigenetic Clocks and Biomarkers of Ageing (Morgan Levine)"


Epigenetic and Metabolic Regulation of Early Development (Jan Żylicz)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Jan Żylicz from the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Stem Cell Medicine to talk about his work on epigenetic and metabolic regulation of early development. The focus of the Żylicz Lab is

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Jan Żylicz from the Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Stem Cell Medicine to talk about his work on epigenetic and metabolic regulation of early development. The focus of the Żylicz Lab is studying early development and how this process is influenced by epigenetic factors. In more detail, the Team focuses on the function of chromatin modifiers in this process. Primed pluripotent epiblasts in vivo show a distinct chromatin landscape that is characterized by high levels of histone H3 lysine 9 dimethylation (H3K9me2) and rearranged Polycomb-associated histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation (H3K27me3) at thousands of genes along the genome. However, the function of only about 100 loci is impaired. The Żylicz Lab tries to understand this process behind and also the cause of this discrepancy.   References Żylicz, J. J., Bousard, A., Žumer, K., Dossin, F., Mohammad, E., da Rocha, S. T., Schwalb, B., Syx, L., Dingli, F., Loew, D., Cramer, P., & Heard, E. (2019). The Implication of Early Chromatin Changes in X Chromosome Inactivation. Cell, 176(1–2), 182-197.e23. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2018.11.041 Dossin, F., Pinheiro, I., Żylicz, J. J., Roensch, J., Collombet, S., Le Saux, A., Chelmicki, T., Attia, M., Kapoor, V., Zhan, Y., Dingli, F., Loew, D., Mercher, T., Dekker, J., & Heard, E. (2020). SPEN integrates transcriptional and epigenetic control of X-inactivation. Nature, 578(7795), 455–460. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-020-1974-9   Related Episodes Epigenetics and X-Inactivation (Edith Heard) The Effects of Early Life Stress on Mammalian Development (Catherine J. Peña) DNA Methylation and Mammalian Development (Déborah Bourc'his)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 09.06.2022
Dauer: 35:58

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Epigenetic and Metabolic Regulation of Early Development (Jan Żylicz)"


Multiple challenges of CUT&Tag (Cassidee McDonough, Kyle Tanguay)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Active Motif scientists Casidee McDonough from Epigenetic Services and Kyle Tanguay from R&D to talk about technical details of the CUT&Tag protocol and current developments around this metho

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Active Motif scientists Casidee McDonough from Epigenetic Services and Kyle Tanguay from R&D to talk about technical details of the CUT&Tag protocol and current developments around this method in our R&D Team.  CUT&Tag, which is short for Cleavage Under Targets and Tagmentation, is a molecular biology method that is used to investigate interactions between proteins and DNA and to identify DNA binding sites for their protein of interest. Although CUT&Tag is similar in some ways to ChIP assays, the starting material for CUT&Tag is live, permeabilized cells or isolated cell nuclei, rather than cells or tissue that have been crosslinked with formaldehyde as is the case when performing ChIP. The CUT&Tag method is very sensitive and has been reported to work with as few as 60 cells for some histone modifications. The ability to work with such small numbers of cells is an advantage for researchers working on specific cell types, such as rare neuronal populations, pancreatic islets, or stem cells that are difficult to obtain in large numbers.  In this Episode we discuss the CUT&Tag workflow in detail, talk about the challenges and pitfalls, give guidelines on how to do a good CUT&Tag experiment and offer a glimpse into the future of CUT&Tag product development at Active Motif.    References Comprehensive Guide to Understanding and Using CUT&Tag Assays Library QC for ATAC-Seq and CUT&Tag | AKA “Does My Library Look Okay?” Kaya-Okur, H.S., Wu, S.J., Codomo, C.A. et al. CUT&Tag for efficient epigenomic profiling of small samples and single cells. Nat Commun 10, 1930 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-019-09982-5 Podcast: Chromatin Profiling: From ChIP to CUT&RUN, CUT&Tag and CUTAC (Steven Henikoff) CUT&Tag-validated antibodies   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 26.05.2022
Dauer: 37:44

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Multiple challenges of CUT&Tag (Cassidee McDonough, Kyle Tanguay)"


The Role of Histone Dopaminylation and Serotinylation in Neuronal Plasticity (Ian Maze)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Ian Maze from Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Investigator to talk about his work on the role of histone dopaminylation and serotinylation

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Ian Maze from Ichan School of Medicine at Mount Sinai and a Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI) Investigator to talk about his work on the role of histone dopaminylation and serotinylation in neuronal plasticity. The Maze group focuses on understanding the complex interplay between chromatin regulatory mechanisms in brain and neuronal plasticity. The lab places an emphasis on psychiatric disorders associated with monoaminergic (e.g., serotonin, dopamine, etc.) dysfunction, such as major depressive disorder and drug addiction. In particular the Maze team has investigated cocaine addiction and its effect on chromatin by serotonylation and dopaminylation of Histone H3 Tails.   References Maze, I., Covington, H. E., Dietz, D. M., LaPlant, Q., Renthal, W., Russo, S. J., Mechanic, M., Mouzon, E., Neve, R. L., Haggarty, S. J., Ren, Y., Sampath, S. C., Hurd, Y. L., Greengard, P., Tarakhovsky, A., Schaefer, A., & Nestler, E. J. (2010). Essential Role of the Histone Methyltransferase G9a in Cocaine-Induced Plasticity. Science, 327(5962), 213–216. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1179438 Farrelly, L. A., Thompson, R. E., Zhao, S., Lepack, A. E., Lyu, Y., Bhanu, N. V., Zhang, B., Loh, Y.-H. E., Ramakrishnan, A., Vadodaria, K. C., Heard, K. J., Erikson, G., Nakadai, T., Bastle, R. M., Lukasak, B. J., Zebroski, H., Alenina, N., Bader, M., Berton, O., … Maze, I. (2019). Histone serotonylation is a permissive modification that enhances TFIID binding to H3K4me3. Nature, 567(7749), 535–539. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-019-1024-7 Lepack, A. E., Werner, C. T., Stewart, A. F., Fulton, S. L., Zhong, P., Farrelly, L. A., Smith, A. C. W., Ramakrishnan, A., Lyu, Y., Bastle, R. M., Martin, J. A., Mitra, S., O’Connor, R. M., Wang, Z.-J., Molina, H., Turecki, G., Shen, L., Yan, Z., Calipari, E. S., … Maze, I. (2020). Dopaminylation of histone H3 in ventral tegmental area regulates cocaine seeking. Science, 368(6487), 197–201. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aaw8806   Related Episodes Development of Integrative Machine Learning Tools for Neurodegenerative Diseases (Enrico Glaab) Epigenetic Influence on Memory Formation and Inheritance (Isabelle Mansuy) CpG Islands, DNA Methylation, and Disease (Sir Adrian Bird)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 12.05.2022
Dauer: 33:53

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "The Role of Histone Dopaminylation and Serotinylation in Neuronal Plasticity (Ian Maze)"


The Role of Blimp-1 in Immune-Cell Differentiation (Erna Magnúsdóttir)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Erna Magnúsdóttir from the University of Iceland to talk about her work on the role of Blimp-1 in immune-cell differentiation. The Magnúsdóttir Lab is interested in how the mammalian geno

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Erna Magnúsdóttir from the University of Iceland to talk about her work on the role of Blimp-1 in immune-cell differentiation. The Magnúsdóttir Lab is interested in how the mammalian genome is interpreted in a context dependent manner, leading to different cellular states, by using mouse primordial germ cells as well as mouse and human B-cells as model systems. More specifically, the team is interested in the Transcription Factor Blimp-1 and its effect on immune cell differentiation. Next to its function in immune cells, Blimp-1 also plays a role in Waldenström’s macroglobulinemia. The lab hopes to reveal the intricacies in disease progression and alteration in cellular states to increasingly aggressive tumor behavior.   References Magnúsdóttir, E., Dietmann, S., Murakami, K. et al. A tripartite transcription factor network regulates primordial germ cell specification in mice. Nat Cell Biol 15, 905–915 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb2798 Anderson, K.J., Ósvaldsdóttir, Á.B., Atzinger, B. et al. The BLIMP1—EZH2 nexus in a non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Oncogene 39, 5138–5151 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41388-020-1347-8   Related Episodes Pioneer Transcription Factors and Their Influence on Chromatin Structure (Ken Zaret) DNA Methylation and Mammalian Development (Déborah Bourc'his) The Role of SMCHD1 in Development and Disease (Marnie Blewitt)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 28.04.2022
Dauer: 41:00

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "The Role of Blimp-1 in Immune-Cell Differentiation (Erna Magnúsdóttir)"


Multimodal Characterization of Cellular Identity | CITE-Seq and Beyond (Peter Smibert, VP of 10X Genomics)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we speak with Peter Smibert, Vice President of Biology at 10X Genomics to talk about an exciting new method in Multimodal Characterization of Cellular Identity using Barcoding. During his time at the New York

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we speak with Peter Smibert, Vice President of Biology at 10X Genomics to talk about an exciting new method in Multimodal Characterization of Cellular Identity using Barcoding. During his time at the New York Genome Center, Peter Smibert was instrumental in the development of a new method called "Cellular Indexing of Transcriptomes and Epitopes by Sequencing" short CITE-Seq. This method enables the characterization of a cell's transcriptome, while at the same time, also allows the characterization of the cell's protein surface markers - at the single cell level. In CITE-Seq, sequencing adapters are coupled to antibodies that recognize surface proteins, which can then be detected by sequencing. Further advancements of the CITE-Seq method led to the launch of BioLegend’s TOTAL-Seq and the integration of scATAC-Seq into the workflow. With the integration of scATAC-Seq in the CITE-Seq protocol, it is now possible to characterize single-cells along the path of the central dogma of biology, this is why the method called DOGMA-Seq.   References https://cite-seq.com Baron, M., Yanai, I. New skin for the old RNA-Seq ceremony: the age of single-cell multi-omics. Genome Biol 18, 159 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-017-1300-5 Stoeckius, M., Zheng, S., Houck-Loomis, B. et al. Cell Hashing with barcoded antibodies enables multiplexing and doublet detection for single cell genomics. Genome Biol 19, 224 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13059-018-1603-1 Stoeckius, M., Hafemeister, C., Stephenson, W. et al. Simultaneous epitope and transcriptome measurement in single cells. Nat Methods 14, 865–868 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1038/nmeth.4380 Mimitou, E.P., Cheng, A., Montalbano, A. et al. Multiplexed detection of proteins, transcriptomes, clonotypes and CRISPR perturbations in single cells. Nat Methods 16, 409–412 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41592-019-0392-0   Related Episodes Epigenome-based Precision Medicine (Eleni Tomazou) ATAC-Seq, scATAC-Seq and Chromatin Dynamics in Single-Cells Investigating the Dynamics of Epigenetic Plasticity in Cancer with Single Cell Technologies (Céline Vallot)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 14.04.2022
Dauer: 48:12

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Multimodal Characterization of Cellular Identity | CITE-Seq and Beyond (Peter Smibert, VP of 10X Genomics)"


The Effect of Mechanotransduction on Chromatin Structure and Transcription in Stem Cells (Sara Wickström)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Sara Wickström, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine in Münster, to talk about her work on the effect of mechanotransduction on chromatin structure and transcripti

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Sara Wickström, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Biomedicine in Münster, to talk about her work on the effect of mechanotransduction on chromatin structure and transcription in stem cells. Sara Wickström and her team focus on the stem cell niche and how that niche affects stem cell function. In order to study the native niche and to even be able to manipulate it, the Wickström Lab was able to develop a ex vivo culture system, allowing systematic identification of factors driving stem cell dynamics and plasticity. Stem cells in the stem cell niche are exposed to external stimuli such as physical forces which control their growth, fate and self renewal. Recent work in the Wickström lab showed how mechanical signals influence transcriptional regulation, chromatin organization, and nuclear architecture and how this affects aging or lineage commitment. In this Episode we also discuss how chromatin can act as a sensor of mechanical signals taking advantage of the different physical properties of eu- and heterochromatin.   References Le, H. Q., Ghatak, S., Yeung, C. Y., Tellkamp, F., Günschmann, C., Dieterich, C., Yeroslaviz, A., Habermann, B., Pombo, A., Niessen, C. M., & Wickström, S. A. (2016). Mechanical regulation of transcription controls Polycomb-mediated gene silencing during lineage commitment. Nature cell biology, 18(8), 864–875. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncb3387 Nava, M. M., Miroshnikova, Y. A., Biggs, L. C., Whitefield, D. B., Metge, F., Boucas, J., Vihinen, H., Jokitalo, E., Li, X., García Arcos, J. M., Hoffmann, B., Merkel, R., Niessen, C. M., Dahl, K. N., & Wickström, S. A. (2020). Heterochromatin-Driven Nuclear Softening Protects the Genome against Mechanical Stress-Induced Damage. Cell, 181(4), 800–817.e22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cell.2020.03.052 Koester, J., Miroshnikova, Y. A., Ghatak, S., Chacón-Martínez, C. A., Morgner, J., Li, X., Atanassov, I., Altmüller, J., Birk, D. E., Koch, M., Bloch, W., Bartusel, M., Niessen, C. M., Rada-Iglesias, A., & Wickström, S. A. (2021). Niche stiffening compromises hair follicle stem cell potential during ageing by reducing bivalent promoter accessibility. Nature cell biology, 23(7), 771–781. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41556-021-00705-x Maki, K., Nava, M. M., Villeneuve, C., Chang, M., Furukawa, K. S., Ushida, T., & Wickström, S. A. (2021). Hydrostatic pressure prevents chondrocyte differentiation through heterochromatin remodeling. Journal of cell science, 134(2), jcs247643. https://doi.org/10.1242/jcs.247643   Related Episodes Nutriepigenetics: The Effects of Diet on Behavior (Monica Dus) Epigenetic Regulation of Stem Cell Self-Renewal and Differentiation (Peggy Goodell) The Effect of Vitamin D on the Epigenome (Folami Ideraabdullah)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 31.03.2022
Dauer: 30:05

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "The Effect of Mechanotransduction on Chromatin Structure and Transcription in Stem Cells (Sara Wickström)"


Single-Cell Technologies using Microfluidics (Ben Hindson, CSO of 10x Genomics)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Ben Hindson, Chief Scientific Officer at 10X Genomics, to talk about single-cell technologies using microfluidics. Epigenetics has moved well past a simple understanding of a single epigenet

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Ben Hindson, Chief Scientific Officer at 10X Genomics, to talk about single-cell technologies using microfluidics. Epigenetics has moved well past a simple understanding of a single epigenetic layer of control at genomic regions of interest, thanks to advances in many techniques and the application of “multiomics”. We can now analyze genome-wide histone modification patterns, transcription factor binding profiles, chromatin accessibility profiles, three-dimensional chromosomal conformation, and DNA methylation dynamics combined with transcriptomic analyses and associated analytical platforms. Bulk Assays, like ATAC-Seq or ChIP, despite all their advantages, do not provide information about the chromatin states of individual subpopulations of cells within a sample. To identify chromatin features in heterogeneous populations, such as blood, pancreas, and brain, those analysis need to be performed at a single-cell level. 10X Genomics has been at the forefront of the movement into the single cell space and in this Episode we discuss this work with Ben Hindson, CSO of 10X genomics.   References https://www.10xgenomics.com/products/single-cell-multiome-atac-plus-gene-expression Spectrum of Innovation Multiomic Epigenetic Analysis Turns Short Stories into Epic Tales   Related Episodes Epigenome-based Precision Medicine (Eleni Tomazou) ATAC-Seq, scATAC-Seq and Chromatin Dynamics in Single-Cells Investigating the Dynamics of Epigenetic Plasticity in Cancer with Single Cell Technologies (Céline Vallot)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 16.03.2022
Dauer: 38:32

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Single-Cell Technologies using Microfluidics (Ben Hindson, CSO of 10x Genomics)"


Epigenome-based Precision Medicine (Eleni Tomazou)

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Eleni Tomazou from St. Anna Children's Cancer Research Institute in Vienna to talk about her work on Epigenome-based precision medicine. The Tomazou lab studies Ewing sarcoma and the effects

In this episode of the Epigenetics Podcast, we caught up with Eleni Tomazou from St. Anna Children's Cancer Research Institute in Vienna to talk about her work on Epigenome-based precision medicine. The Tomazou lab studies Ewing sarcoma and the effects of Epigenetic factors on this disease. Ewing sarcoma is a type of cancer that affects bone and soft tissue of children and young adults, with a peak incidence at the age of 15. Ewing sarcoma is among the pediatric cancer types with the lowest survival rates and the development of novel therapies was obstructed by the limited understanding of the mechanisms behind the disease. Work done in Eleni Tomazou's group identified an epigenetic signature of Ewing sarcoma which, ultimately, lead to the possibility to diagnose Ewing sarcoma from liquid biopsies. The team is now looking to find actionable targets like enhancers to develop therapies, finding biomarkers to enable disease monitoring, and to further characterize these tumors to decipher intra-tumor epigenetic heterogeneity and characterize the developmental stage of the cell of origin.   References Tomazou, E. M., Sheffield, N. C., Schmidl, C., Schuster, M., Schönegger, A., Datlinger, P., Kubicek, S., Bock, C., & Kovar, H. (2015). Epigenome Mapping Reveals Distinct Modes of Gene Regulation and Widespread Enhancer Reprogramming by the Oncogenic Fusion Protein EWS-FLI1. Cell Reports, 10(7), 1082–1095. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.celrep.2015.01.042 Sheffield, N. C., Pierron, G., Klughammer, J., Datlinger, P., Schönegger, A., Schuster, M., Hadler, J., Surdez, D., Guillemot, D., Lapouble, E., Freneaux, P., Champigneulle, J., Bouvier, R., Walder, D., Ambros, I. M., Hutter, C., Sorz, E., Amaral, A. T., de Álava, E., … Tomazou, E. M. (2017). DNA methylation heterogeneity defines a disease spectrum in Ewing sarcoma. Nature Medicine, 23(3), 386–395. https://doi.org/10.1038/nm.4273 Terlecki-Zaniewicz, S., Humer, T., Eder, T., Schmoellerl, J., Heyes, E., Manhart, G., Kuchynka, N., Parapatics, K., Liberante, F. G., Müller, A. C., Tomazou, E. M., & Grebien, F. (2021). Biomolecular condensation of NUP98 fusion proteins drives leukemogenic gene expression. Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, 28(2), 190–201. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41594-020-00550-w Peneder, P., Stütz, A. M., Surdez, D., Krumbholz, M., Semper, S., Chicard, M., Sheffield, N. C., Pierron, G., Lapouble, E., Tötzl, M., Ergüner, B., Barreca, D., Rendeiro, A. F., Agaimy, A., Boztug, H., Engstler, G., Dworzak, M., Bernkopf, M., Taschner-Mandl, S., … Tomazou, E. M. (2021). Multimodal analysis of cell-free DNA whole-genome sequencing for pediatric cancers with low mutational burden. Nature Communications, 12(1), 3230. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-021-23445-w   Related Episodes Epigenomics (Henk Stunnenberg) Targeting COMPASS to Cure Childhood Leukemia (Ali Shilatifard) Cancer and Epigenetics (David Jones)   Contact Active Motif on Twitter Epigenetics Podcast on Twitter Active Motif on LinkedIn Active Motif on Facebook Email: podcast@activemotif.com

Erschienen: 10.03.2022
Dauer: 40:08

Podcast-Webseite: Episode "Epigenome-based Precision Medicine (Eleni Tomazou)"


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